First Aid

Global Education and Migration Services

First Aid Courses:

Course Timetable:

Every Thursday 9:00 am – 5:00 pm


HLTAID003/Provide First Aid: Aud 130
Senior First Aid/ HLTAID004: Aud 160

Learn 5 Basic First Aid Procedures to Face Emergency Situations

You are reading this article because you want to learn the basic first aid procedures. Am I right? GREAT! Yep, it’s a GREAT idea, I can say from my personal experience. Learning the basic first aid skills can save a life facing emergency situations as I could do.

A few days ago, one of my cousins suddenly fell down unconscious. I could feel he got the victim of cardiac arrest as I had an experience of doing a CPR Training Course. Instantly, I started pressing his chest hard and fast. And it worked amazingly as I found him breathing after 4 or 5 compressions.

5 Basic First Aid Procedures

After that incident, I felt I can help many people who fall on such a life-threatening crisis with my basic first aid knowledge. That’s the reason I am sharing my experience here. What can you do instantly when anyone falls on any unwanted crisis before getting medical treatment? Let’s know……!!

The Basic First Aid Skills for Cardiac Arrest

When someone gets victim of heart attack or cardiac arrest and drop down unconscious, do you know what you should do immediately? If yes, it’s fantastic. But if not, you should do the followings which may save your beloved one from any risk, even death.

  • Don’t make any delay to seek emergency help. Command someone to call 911. You should also ask for managing an Automated External Defibrillator (AED).
  • Check breathing as early as possible. If you find its absence, give immediate CPR. I mean start quick chest compression hard and fast. You should continue the pressing until the doctor or medical service arrives.
  • Apply the AED ASAP when it is available at your hand.
  • Give two rescue breaths. When you find nothing is working, first pinch the victim’s nose. Then take a normal breath and breathe out into that person’s mouth. Repeat it for two times and 5 seconds for each.

The Basic First Aid Procedures for Burns

The first thing you should do instantly when you find someone is getting burnt is to stop burning as soon as possible. Then what you should do-

·         Hold the burned area under the cool running water for a few minutes. But don’t use ice. If you don’t find running water, then go for the still water.

·         Cover the burnt area with light gauze bandage or clean cloth. Never use anything which can cause an infection like butter, ointments, oil, and toothpaste.

·         Give the victim a pain reliever like ibuprofen, acetaminophen if it is necessary.

basic first aid procedures

A woman applying an ankle bandage on a male camper

·         Never try to break down any bleb when it is found. If you do it, it will be infected.

·         Seek for doctor’s help when you find the victim suffers from severe pain, blister, fever or oozing.

·         If it is severely burnt, call 911 without any delay for emergency medical services.

The Basic First Aid for Fractures

If you find someone gets broken his any bone (fracture), a basic first aid can bring him great relief. What you can do-

  • Call 911 first if there is a major trauma or severe injury.
  • Don’t make any mistake trying to straighten or realign the broken part.
  • Stop bleeding if it is noticed applying a pressure to the wounded area with a clean cloth or light gauge bandage.
  • Take a few pieces of ice and wrap them in a piece of cloth or a towel. Then apply the ice pack over the injured area. It will reduce the swelling and relieve the pain.
  • If the person is found breathing short or rapid or faint, lay him down and then elevate the legs.
  • Give a pain reliever like naproxen or ibuprofen if it pains severely.

The Basic First Aid for Bleeding

Bleeding should be controlled whether it is mild or severe. Sometimes, we get mild bleeding controlled naturally. But what can you do when severe bleeding is not controlled as it may lead to death? Here are few steps you can take to stop the bleeding immediately-

  • Apply direct pressure on the wounded or cut area using a piece of gauze or a piece of clean cloth or tissue. Keep it until the flow of bleeding stops. Don’t remove the gauge or clothe though it gets soaked. Rather apply more over it.
  • If the bleeding is in hand or leg, raise it above if possible as it will help to slow down the flow of the blood.
  • Never apply a tourniquet as it may damage more.

The Basic First Aid for Choking

Choking is very painful as the victim faces difficulty with breathing or can’t speak. Your few steps can bring him comfort quickly.

  • Give back at least 5 firm blows between the shoulder blades standing behind the person using the heel of your hands.
  • Yet, if you find choking is going on, do 5 more abdominal thrusts just standing behind the person and wrapping your hands around the person’s waist. If the blockage doesn’t get relieved, then do 5 more.
  • When you find nothing is working, call 911 for emergency medical services.

Final Verdict

Now you know well how to face emergency situations with your basic first aid skills. These basic first aid procedures may not enough for advanced service but they are cool things, yup, they are cool things to avoid the risk of death.

But if you want to be an expert or enriched your first aid skills to assi

st an injured or ill person during a variety of emergency situations, you can do a CPR Training Course. It will certainly increase your value.


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